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WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION AND TERRORISM
Edited by
Russell D. Howard and James J.F. Forest


With Natasha E. Bajema


(New York: McGraw-Hill, 2007)

Click here to order your copy

Foreword
Michael Sheehan, former NYPD Deputy Commissioner for Counterterrorism

Preface
Russell D. Howard


I. Introduction

1.1

Definitions, Trends, and the Concept of "New Terrorism"

The New Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction
Russell D. Howard

The New Age of Terrorism
Brian Jenkins

1.2

The Nature of the Post-9/11 WMD Terrorism Threat

The Rise of Complex Terrorism
Thomas Homer-Dixon

Weak States and Global Threats: Fact or Fiction
Stewart Patrick

1.3

The WMD Terrorism Hype

Terrorist Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction: How Serious is the Threat?
Andrew O'Neil

The New Threat of Mass Destruction
Richard K. Betts

1.4

The Terrorist WMD of Choice

WMD and Lessons from the Anthrax Attacks
Leonard A. Cole


II. Understanding the Threat

2.1

Different "Faces" of Nuclear Terrorism

The Characteristics of Nuclear Terrorist Weapons
Morten Bremer Maerli, Annette Schaper, and Frank Barnaby

The Seven Myths of Nuclear Terrorism
Matthew Bunn and Anthony Wier

2.2

Radiological Dispersal Devices

Securing U.S. Radioactive Sources
Charles D. Ferguson and Joel O. Lubenau

2.3

Sabotage of Nuclear Facilities and other Critical Infrastructure

Nuclear Terrorism: Reactors and Radiological Attacks after September 11
Gavin Cameron

Terrorism Potential for Research Reactors compared with Power Reactors
George Bunn and Chaim Braun

Nuclear Power Plants and Their Fuel as Terrorist Targets
Douglas M. Chapin and Associates

2.4

Bioterrorism

Bioterrorism Defense: Controlling the Unknown
David Franz

Biotechnology and Bioterrorism: An Unprecedented World
Christopher F. Chyba and Alex L. Greninger

2.5

Chemical Terrorism

Chemical Terrorism: Assessing Threats and Responses
Jonathan Tucker

2.6

Food Security and Agricultural and Terrorism

Biological Attack on Agriculture: Low-Tech, High-Impact Bioterrorism
Mark Wheelis, Rocco Casagrande, and Laurence V. Madden

Planting Fear: How Real is the Threat of Agricultural Terrorism
Gavin Cameron, Jason Pate and Kathleen Vogel

2.7

Cyberterrorism

Cybersecurity and Critical Infrastructure Protection
James A. Lewis

2.8

Case Studies

CBRN Terrorism Post-9/11
Bruce Hoffman

Jemaah Islamiyah and the Threat of Chemical and Biological Terrorism
Adam Dolnik and Rohan Gunaratna

Can al Qaeda Be Deterred from Using Nuclear Weapons?
Lewis A. Dunn

Unraveling the A. Q. Khan and Future Proliferation Networks
David Albright and Cory Hinderstein


III. Responding to the Threat

3.1

Deterrence and Preemption

Deterring Terrorists: Thoughts on a Framework
Daniel Whiteneck

Stop or Else: Basic Concepts to Deter Violent Non-State Actors
Vera L. Zakem and Danielle R. Miller

3.2

Nonproliferation Regimes

Assessing the Role of the Nonproliferation Regimes: Are they Relevant Tools for Countering WMD Terrorism?
Natasha Bajema

3.3

Interdiction and Law Enforcement

Interdiction and Law Enforcement to Counter WMD-Terrorism: Practical Measures that Should be Strengthened
Emma Belcher

3.4

Case Studies

Anthrax 2001: Observations on the Medical and Public Health Response
Elin Gursky, Thomas V. Inglesby and Tara O'Toole

Systemic Collapse: Medical Care in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina
Crystal Franco, Eric Toner, Richard Waldhorn, Beth Maldin, Tara O'Toole, and Thomas V. Inglesby

Consequence Management in the 1995 Sarin Attacks on the Japanese Subway System
Robyn Pangi


IV. Lessons Learned and Future Threats

4.1

The Need for a Comprehensive, Multidimensional Strategy

The Best Defense: Counterproliferation and U.S. National Security
Jason D. Ellis

How to Counter WMD
Ashton B. Carter

4.2

Gaps in the Framework

Gaps in the International Framework for Combating Terrorism
Chen Zak Kane

4.3

Future Threats

Emerging WMD Technologies
Forrest Waller and Michael George

4.4

Conclusion

Terrorism and WMD: The Road Ahead
James J.F. Forest and Aaron Danis


APPENDIX

A-1

NSPD-17 / Homeland Security Presidential Directive-4 (HSPD-4) [unclassified version]: National Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction, The White House, December 2002

A-2

Fact Sheets on Chemical, Biological, Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism, from the National Academies and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security

A-3

Integrating the Agents of Bioterrorism into the General Biology Curriculum: A Primer on Bioterrorism
Jeffrey Pomerville

A-4

Near Term Threats of Chemical Weapons Terrorism
Margaret E. Kosal

   
  About the Authors
  Bibliography

 



ABOUT THE EDITORS

Brigadier General (retired) Russell Howard, a career Special Forces officer, is the Director of the Jebsen Center for Counterterrorism Studies, and former Head of the Department of Social Sciences at the U.S. Military Academy. He has had numerous antiterror and counterterror responsibilities and has taught and published several books and articles on terrorism subjects, including Homeland Security and Terrorism: Controlling the Security Environment (McGraw-Hill, 2005) and Terrorism and Counterterrorism: Readings and Interpretations (McGraw-Hill, 2002). As a Special Forces officer, Brigadier General Howard served at every level of command, including: Detachment Commander in the 7th Special Forces Group, Company Commander in the 1st Special Forces Group, Battalion Commander in the Special Warfare Center and School and Commander of the 1st Special Forces Group. In preparation for his academic position, Brigadier General Howard earned degrees from San Jose State University, the University of Maryland, the Monterey Institute of International Studies, and Harvard University.

Dr. James JF Forest is the Director of Terrorism Studies and an associate professor at the United States Military Academy, where he teaches courses on terrorism and counterterrorism, information warfare and foreign policy, and directs several research initiatives for the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point. He has published nine books on a variety of topics, including Teaching Terror: Strategic and Tactical Learning in the Terrorist World (Rowman & Littlefield, 2006), The Making of a Terrorist: Recruitment, Training and Root Causes (Praeger, 2005), and Homeland Security and Terrorism: Controlling the Security Environment (McGraw-Hill, 2005), as well as articles in the Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Democracy and Security and the Journal of Political Science Education. Dr. Forest also serves as a guest lecturer for several government agencies in the U.S. and Europe, and maintains a top secret security clearance. He holds degrees from De Anza College, Georgetown University, Stanford University, and Boston College.

 

 

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